For tourist for a short period, you can expect an average of 72,6 USD = 100 CAD per night.
From one month you can rent serviced apartment in a new building which will cost you about 2 178,9 USD = 3 000 CAD per month. This includes everything, including cleaning and linen.
You can view prices, book accommodations and read about the pros and cons of various hotel search engines in my review of hotel and apartment reservation systems
For periods ranging from 2 to 3 months or more, you can find cheap accommodation from private owners. The cost depends on the location. You can find 363,2 - 508,4 USD = 500 - 700 CAD per month, a private room in the basement is a possible, but must be sought is usually long. The price usually includes electricity and water. Search is carried out mainly by the usual online resources and newspapers. You will need to have your own phone.
For a term of one year or more, you can relatively profitable to rent an apartment in a purpose-built homes (many with swimming pool, gym and BBQ). Prices start at 363,2 USD = 500 CAD for a small apartment in an uncomfortable and bad (black) area, no view from windows and bad neighbors. Something decent starts from 581 - 653,7 USD = 800 - 900 CAD per month. Electricity and water are not included. Carefully and thoroughly inquire conditions. This type of rent requires you to confirm solvency. This can be a bank statement, if you are a millionaire, or, as is usually done, the proof of your legal income, such as an extract from your employment.
In the largest city of Quebec - Montreal, house with one or two bedrooms costs 217 891,9 - 290 522,5 USD = 300 000 - 400 000 CAD In Vancouver, house prices start at 290 522,5 USD = 400 000 CAD